Swedish Sourdough Bread from Scratch

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Apr 012020

Mikael Vejdemo-Johansson and Susanne Vejdemo

Based on reading a whole bunch of different Swedish blog, wiki and web sources, we started off a sourdough starter on Saturday:

1 apple (grated)

100g flour

1dl filtered water

Stir until vaguely homogenous. Let it sit with a lid leaned on but not tight fitting.

Stir every morning and every evening for 4 days, feeding it on day 2  (with 20g flour 20g water).

Already on Sunday we could see a bunch of bubbles forming in the dough. We gave up on weighing everything, and fed the dough with 1tbsp filtered water and 2tbsp flour. Monday was far less bubbly and Tuesday afternoon MVJ lost patience and fed it with 2dl flour, 1dl filtered water.

Tuesday evening the dough was quite bubbly and about ready to climb out of its Tupperware box.

Wednesday, we started using the dough to try to recreate one of our very favorite breads – the Levain from Fabrique ( https://www.femina.se/sa-bakar-du-fabriques-goda-levainbrod/ – recipe in Swedish )

For 2 loaves:

600g active sourdough

5dl water

7g yeast

16-17dl flour

1.5tbsp coarse sea salt

Pour the sourdough in a bowl. Add water, yeast and flour. Stir into a sticky dough and let it rest 30 minutes (autolysis). Add the sea salt and knead for 5 minutes by machine until the salt is dissolved and the dough a bit tenser. Rise in oiled bowl, covered, 45-60 minutes. It’s supposed to double in size. Exact time varies with room temperature, water temperature, how active your sourdough is, and phase of the moon 😉

Next perform a “full fold”: fold the dough 4x in the bowl: take the left side, fold to the middle. Next the right side, then the bottom and finally the top. The dough should feel tenser. Rise 20-40 minutes so that the dough relaxes. Another full fold, another 20 minutes rise.

Now perform a “half fold”: only do the top-to-middle and bottom-to-middle folds. Take the dough out of the bowl and place it on a well-floured surface. Add flour on top to make the dough easier to handle. Separate into two pieces and shape them into oblong loaves. Sprinkle some flour on top to prevent them burning in the oven. Let rise 10-20 minutes, until they have gained some height and feel soft and smooth. After this final rise, turn them upside down (for a prettier bread) and put them on baking paper on a baking sheet. You can decorate them by cutting a few shallow cuts on the top.

Bake 20-30 minutes at 500ºF. It’s good to add a bowl of water at the bottom of the oven. It is important (when possible) to use top and bottom heating elements.

We decide to do half the recipe: make 1 loaf of bread. 300g sourdough, 1 cup filtered water, some yeast and 8dl bread flour later, the autolysis is on its way and it’s time for the first of many many breaks in this recipe. Picking out the equivalent of 3.5g fresh yeast from a packet with dry yeast – not an easy task. We settled on approximately ½ tsp dry yeast.

The rest followed the recipe quite closely – out came a slightly flat-looking loaf of dough, maybe 1.5” thick. Rise and pop in the oven. 20 minutes later, the bread had ballooned up to a 4” height, and 30 minutes later the internal temperature came out to well over 190ºF – the bread was finished.

The resulting bread was divine. Chewy with large bubbles, crunchy crust, and a pleasantly subtly complex flavour.

COVID-19 and NYC Resistor: No Public Access Until Further Notice

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Mar 112020

In light of the spread of COVID-19 in NY, NYC Resistor has cancelled all public, in person events, until further notice.

Brown bear sits in the middle of a green field, behind a thin wire, fence waving at viewer.

We are going to experiment with different ways of continuing to engage with the community and support the space, so check back here for updates.

What does this mean for Craft Nights?

We will be hosting an open virtual Craft Night on Thursdays. We will start streaming at our usual Craft Night time (Thursday nights at 6:30pm EDT ). Come Craft with us on Zoom.

What does this mean for Classes?

Classes are an important part of NYC Resistor and we will be iterating on them in the coming weeks. Specifically we are testing online classes. There will be a Pom-Pom Making this Sunday, March 22nd, and an online Arduino class on Saturday March 28th.

The Following changes apply to our class policies:

  • There are no in person classes at NYC Resistor.
  • We are amending our refund policy. We will refund any class cancellations, no questions asked. Email classes@nycresistor.com or use Eventbrite to request a refund.

Thank you everyone for your understanding and be safe.

 Posted by at 12:43 pm

Craft Night Cancelled: Monday, March 9th 2020

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Mar 092020
Grey and white octopus is hiding in a tan and white striped clam shell, which rests on the sandy ocean floor. It opens the shell to peak its eyes out before closing it again to hide.

NYC Resistor will be closed tonight: Monday, March 9th 2020. There is no Craft Night, everyone be safe out there.

 Posted by at 2:52 pm

Announcing the Code of Conduct Committee

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Mar 092020

NYC Resistor has had a Code of Conduct for several years. Please read it! We believe that having a Code of Conduct helps us establish and nurture a safe, collaborative, and inclusive environment. The Code of Conduct applies to all participants in the NYC Resistor space: both members and visitors, in both the physical space and in digital channels such as our Slack channel or social media accounts. It applies to all NYC Resistor events, including private member meetings, Craft Nights, classes, and parties.

We’ve now established a Code of Conduct Committee. The goal of this committee is to ensure that the CoC is enforced, and provide a point-of-contact for anyone who needs to report a potential CoC issue.

What you can expect from us:

The Code of Conduct Committee can be reached at conduct@nycresistor.com. If you need to report an incident involving a member of the committee, you can alternatively email one of the committee members directly. See http://nycresistor.com/participate for a list of the current committee members. Committee membership, like all Resistor volunteer roles, rotates on a regular basis.

We will respond to any reports within seven days. Reports will be confidential and anonymous. Please note that if you email conduct@nycresistor.com, the committee will see your email address; please make a throwaway email account if you feel it is necessary to do so.

If your issue is urgent, please include the word “URGENT” in your subject line. Keep in mind that the committee is staffed by an all-volunteer group. If you are at an ongoing event where an issue has occurred, please also consider reaching out to any NYC Resistor members present at the event. 

For the full text of the Code of Conduct, please refer to https://www.nycresistor.com/participate/ or the signs posted in the space. 

Thank you for helping us to keep Resistor a safe and welcoming space for all.

The CoCC
Adelle, Alison, Astrida, Bill, and Bonnie

Tufting At Resistor

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Feb 102020

A new fiber arts tool has made its way to the resistor shelves: the electric tufting tool. Made more widely available by designers such as Tim Eads of Tuftinggun.com, the tufting tool speeds up the process of traditional rug making which includes needle punching, latch hooking, and hand-knotted weaving.

The loop pile tufting gun produced by www.tuftinggun.com. Their website and instructional videos are highly suggested for getting started, troubleshooting, and adjusting the tool. 

Overview of Rug Making Processes

Rug weaving combines traditional weaving practices with hand-knotting yarn, forming individual tufts between a warp and weft weaving structure. Out of all of the methods, this is the most traditional, time consuming, labor intensive, and gives the most control over the final outcome.  

Needle punching, self describing in name, utilizes a hollow needle through which yarn is pushed through a taught open-weave fabric. The trick lies in not pulling out your last loop as you draw the needle along the fabric surface to make your next loop. The length of the hollow needle on the tool determines half of the length of the loop, with some versions of the tool being adjustable. 

Latch hooking is the needle punch’s opposite. A hook is drawn through an open grid fabric to yarn awaiting in the users hand, using the hook to knot the yarn in half, onto itself. 

This is the “speed tufting tool” by Rug Crafters that I found in used-tools area of a yarn supply store in Oregon. One pushes and pulls the slide by hand, the presser foot helping the tool crawl forward while maintaining pressure on the backing fabric. There are many variations of this tool, vintage and modern. Check out Lindsay Gruetzmacher’s new illustrated poster of tufting tools here < www.illustratedgoods.com >.

Tufting is much like the needle punch, using a hollow needle for the yarn to feed through. With the needle through the fabric, a metal tong on a sliding bar pushes the yarn though the backing cloth. As the yarn forms a loop, a presser foot lifts the needle off of the fabric. The next ‘punch’ into the fabric is slightly forward, letting the tool walk itself along as you push the slide in and out, drawing a loop-trail of yarn. The electric tufting tool puts that motion on a motor, turning the shaft with a press of a button, the tong pushing the yarn through the fabric then alternating with the slanted needle, several times per second. Adjustments on the electric tool can change the speed and length of the tuft, while other configurations of the tool can cut each loop of yarn as it is pushed through, making a shag rug effect. More industrial versions of the tool are fed by an air compressor, allowing for longer loops and tufts. The downside to the air compressor version is that the tool is louder, heavier, and more expensive.

The metal tong can be adjusted for higher or shorter loop lengths.

Other Supplies

An integral part of rug tufting is having a frame to work upon. With smaller needle punch tools like the Oxford Punch needle or the Ultra Punch embroidery needle, a simple embroidery hoop can be used to stretch the fabric tight. You can make your own frame by gluing or stapling the fabric directly to an empty picture frame. The picture below shows a frame with ‘gripper strips’ that use tiny bent wires to cling onto the fabric. These I had purchased from Howard Brush, which specialise in the wire combs and brushes used for processing wool. (I found this set of gripper strips on their Etsy outlet store, where they sell their factory seconds.) Tabletop or “lap” stands are designed to pair with the needle-punch process, allowing the frame to float off of the table, giving the needle space to ‘punch.’

Various tools and frames.

The thickness of yarn depends on the project. The electric tufting tool can take multiple strands of yarn as long as it can fit through the hollow needle. Types of yarn is something that you can experiment and play with, providing different textures or patterns. Regardless of the type of yarn, it helps to have it fed through a tensioning wire (or hook) up and to the side of your working area so the yarn feeds into the tool freely. Note that a crochet hook (or a bent paper-clip) is needed to load the yarn into the electric tufter and you should always have the power off when you do so.

Monk’s cloth or basket weave fabric is suggested for the electric tufting tool. The same fabric might too loosely woven to catch the loops of a smaller, hand-punch needle. Tightly woven fabric is not forgiving enough to hold the loop in place and could shred or warp with the repeated ‘punch’ of the needle. The monk’s cloth can be found on Amazon or through Tuftinggun.com.

Tufting at Resistor

The tufting frame can take on a variety of sizes, from table top to whole walls. The one at Resistor can be clamped to a regular folding table or the end of the main table. A yard length of monk’s cloth can fit onto the frame, leaving space around the edge for the tacks to hold the fabric taut. The carpet tacks are sharp! Like the gripping strips in the previous photo, these are exposed tacks that allow you to stretch and adjust the fabric. The styrofoam blocks protect from the carpet tacks but also get in the way of turning the tufting tool freely. For the your safety and of others in the space, use the styrofoam on areas you are not working next to and always replace them for storage. 

Tips on Process

When starting a project, I suggest drawing a border about 2 inches in from the inner edge of the frame to mark off your working area. Consistent pressure must be applied with the tufting tool so it is not suggested to work right to the edge of the frame. 
Draw out your idea before setting yarn to the frame and plan out your colors. I usually use sharpie to set out my pattern, filling in color with chalk or fabric-safe markers. (Chalk makes a lot of dust while you tuft but good to visualize color.) Remember that you are working on the backside of the project so images and text will be flipped. 

Consistent pressure must be applied with the tufting tool and yarn should be feeding freely, without much tension. This will affect the length of loops on the opposite side. Any loose yarn ends on the working side should be cut short so they do not snag on the presser-foot while you are working.

Strands of yarn can be pulled out if you want to redo a line or don’t like a color. If the lines of loops overlap one another too much, you could accidentally pull out more yarn that you intended. For the same reason, trim down any loose yarn ends or loops that the presser foot might snag and pull out unintentionally. The process uses a lot of yarn. How much yarn depends on how long your loops are and how dense you are filling it in.

Latex glue applied to the working side of the project.

Glue Up and Finishing

There are a lot of suggestions available for finishing your tufted project. A common agreement is to glue the back (your working side) to prevent the loops from pulling out. Glue up should be done while the project is still stretched on the frame to prevent the edges of the project from curling up onto itself. Elmers or wood glue can be used if the piece is going to be a wall-hanging and doesn’t need to remain flexible. Carpet glue found at the hardware store stays flexible but also tacky: making it a requirement to adhere another cloth to the back and impossible to sew after it is glued. Latex glue was suggested to me by another tufter, Trish Andersen (< www.trishandersenstudio.com > Her work was recently featured in DesignMiami!) The glue can be brushed on, making sure you cover all of the fibers and a border around the project to prevent the ends from fraying. The latex glue is expensive, smells offensive, and certain brands take longer to dry. Personal protective equipment and good ventilation is required at this stage.  (Latex glue suggestion: North Carolina Carpet Supply is somewhat cheaper than other brands and is quick to dry.)

Once the latex is cured, I use a spray “web” glue (professional grade but no particular brand suggested) to attach a felt backing fabric. Binding the edges of the rug can be a very time consuming process, especially hand sewing (whip-stitch, shown above.) Carpet repair stores will sometimes have an edge binding service with options including a whip stitch edge or bias tape. The edge on the small rugs pictured above was done by Better Carpet Warehouse in Brooklyn. Alternative methods to finishing the edge and combining other fiber rug-making methods are exemplified by Ugly Rugly ( https://www.uglyrugly.com/ ). They zigzag stitch spiraling rope together to form a rug or basket structure. The method can be done with a heavy duty sewing machine or methods of crochet. 

For other 3-d and soft sculpture forms, check out the work of Dee Clements with Studio Herron ( https://studioherron.com/ ). And the show Tuft, curated by Tim Eads at Group Projects PHL (https://www.groupprojectsphl.com/)

Suggested links

The electric tufting tool www.Tuftinggun.com

The Oxford Punch Needle https://amyoxford.com/

Ultra Punch Needle https://www.ultrapunchneedle.com/

Howard Brush http://www.howardbrush.com

Trish Andersen www.trishandersenstudio.com 

North Carolina Carpet Supply http://www.n-ccarpet.com/index.php?route=product/product&product_id=514

Ugly Rugly https://www.uglyrugly.com/

Dee Clements with Studio Herron https://studioherron.com/

Tuft, curated by Tim Eads at Group Projects PHL https://www.groupprojectsphl.com/

Article written by Kayla Thompson

January Artist in Resident at Resistor

Kayla Thompson is an artist blending ideas of design and function with sculpture processes, challenging design norms and object interaction. Thompson is currently based out of Brooklyn, New York.

Laser is fixed (and hopefully stays that way)

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Feb 092020

Craft Night Friends – this is your promised laser update on the website. As of Friday night the laser was back working again. It should be good to go for Monday’s Craft Night.

Important note that will help us keep the laser lasering – do not plug the space heater into the same outlet panel that the laser is plugged into. If you notice that someone else has done so, please unplug the heater from that panel immediately. Thanks!